The wide gouge above is typically called a roughing gouge. It's meant to make the rough cuts to turn a square piece of wood into a round one. A more accurate name would be a "spindle roughing gouge", since it is forged into shape and has a tang. Although you can likely get away with using a gouge like this to do rough cuts on a bowl,
I would rather strongly advise against anything where you end up doing end grain cuts with a Spindle Roughing Gouge. The shape and structure of the cutting edge dramatically increases the chance of a catch and also tends to pull spears of wood out that are flung at your hand at speed. In theory you could re-grind it so that it doesn't have as high of a probability of being as dangerous (but then you're left with the structural issues that Vaughn brought up).
This slightly NSFL (Not safe for lunch.. it's not terrible just a wee nick.. but some small amount of blood) very clearly and thoroughly illustrates the problem.
These days, anytime I'm roughing anything I just use a bowl gouge with swept back wings
One of my favorite tools for turning bottle stoppers is a 3/4" bowl gouge. I'm a mess with a skew but I can do planing and shearing cuts all day with the wings of a bowl gouge, lol.I'll even use that for some "spindle" turning (as per vaughns definition above and also actual spindles heheh). I find it easier to use a swept bowl gouge for some cuts than a spindle detail gouge.. BUT I'll freely admit that I'm also not super good with the spindle detail gouge so that might be more personal failing than practical suggestion
The tool I reach for first is almost always a 5/8" (American measure - bar stock) bowl gouge... I use it for almost everything... bowls, pepper mills, (even the round ball top), roughing blanks for hollow forms, etc.... I do use a 3/4 and 1" roughing gouge to get my blanks round for a pepper mill.. sometimes use it to smooth the bodies and cut beads...One of my favorite tools for turning bottle stoppers is a 3/4" bowl gouge. I'm a mess with a skew but I can do planing and shearing cuts all day with the wings of a bowl gouge, lol.